The string instrument family in an orchestra typically consists of the violin, viola, cello, and double bass. These instruments are played by using a bow to vibrate the strings and produce sound. The different sizes and ranges of the instruments allow for a range of pitches and harmonious combinations within the string section. The strings play a significant role in creating the rich and full sound of an orchestra and often perform melodic and accompaniment parts in classical compositions. Below are the main instruments belonging to the string family:
The violin is a string instrument that is played with a bow. It is the smallest and highest-pitched member of the violin family and is commonly used as a solo instrument in classical music, as well as in folk, jazz, and other styles. The sound of the violin is produced by the vibration of its strings, which are played by moving the bow across them. The strings can also be plucked, a technique called pizzicato.
The viola is a string instrument that is similar in appearance to the violin but is larger and has a deeper, warmer tone. It is played with a bow, and its strings are usually tuned a fifth lower than those of the violin. The viola is used as an orchestral and chamber music instrument, and is also played in string quartets and other small ensembles.
The cello is a string instrument that is played while sitting and supported by a spike that rests on the floor. It is the second-largest member of the violin family and has a rich, warm tone that is lower in pitch than the violin but higher than the double bass. The cello is commonly used as a solo instrument in classical music, and is also frequently used in chamber music and orchestral settings.
The double bass, also known as the upright bass, is the largest and lowest-pitched member of the violin family. It is played while standing or sitting on a stool and is used to provide the bass line in many types of music, including classical, jazz, and folk. The double bass is played with a bow or plucked with the fingers, and its sound is produced by the vibration of its strings. Its deep, rich tone adds depth and power to music, making it an essential part of many orchestral and ensemble settings.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument with a triangular frame and pedals that are used to change the pitch of the strings. Harpists use their fingers to pluck the strings and create delicate, ethereal sounds that add color and texture to orchestral music. The harp’s large range and ability to blend with other instruments make it an important addition to many orchestras.
The classical guitar is a stringed musical instrument that is commonly used in classical music and other styles. It is typically played with the fingers or a plectrum, and has six nylon or gut strings. The body of the classical guitar is usually made of wood, with a soundhole in the middle and a distinctive shape that sets it apart from other types of guitar. The classical guitar is prized for its versatility, versatility, and musicality, and is widely considered to be one of the most expressive instruments in the world of music.
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